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To many, the thought of choosing by lot (possibly by rolling dice or using some other form of chance) sounds immoral and quite like gambling. However, the Bible shows that this was the correct way to indicate a selection or choice by God.
In fact, the word for inherit, kleronomesousi, as found in the words, ‘inherit the earth,’ really means to receive by lot, or, in a lottery.
The reason why this method (casting lots) was used by faithful ancients was because they wished to allow God’s hand in their decisions rather than trusting in the viewpoints or opinions of men. And there are good reasons to believe that this method of choosing did in fact result in the manifestation of God’s hand.
Consider how John the Baptist’s father (ZechariAh) was chosen by lot to serve in the Holy Place at the exact time for him to be told by a messenger of God about the upcoming birth of his son and of his son’s responsibilities concerning the Messiah (Luke 1:8-9). Also, consider the fact that Matthias was chosen by lottery to replace unfaithful Judas as one of the Twelve Apostles of the Lamb.
The good sense of letting things be decided by apparent chance can be found in the wise words of Solomon at Proverbs 18:18, where he said:
‘Choosing by lottery ends a dispute and it defines the boundaries of rulers.’