Written to the congregation in Corinth, Greece for the Apostle Paul, possibly by Sosthenes and possibly in Aramaic, sometime around 48-CE.
1 Paul, who by
the Will of God is a called Apostle of the Anointed
Jesus, and [your] brother Sosthenes,
2 to the congregation of God in
To you who have been made holy in the Anointed Jesus and who are called to be Holy Ones along with all those that call on the name of our Lord Jesus the Anointed everywhere (their Lord and ours);
3 May you receive loving care and peace from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus the Anointed.
4 I always
thank God for you, because in His loving care (through the Anointed Jesus), God
has given you 5 everything that
you need to make you rich in Him.
[He has given you] all the words and a complete knowledge, 6 while the testimony about the Anointed One is being made firm in you.
7 Therefore, you haven’t lagged behind in any gift as you eagerly await the revelation of our Lord Jesus the Anointed, 8 who will make you strong to the end and keep you free from any accusations to the Day of our Lord Jesus the Anointed.
9 For God, who called you to have a share with His Son (our Lord Jesus the Anointed), is faithful.
through the name of our Lord Jesus the Anointed, I want to encourage you
brothers to all teach the same things…
There shouldn’t be any divisions among you. Rather, you must all learn to think the same way and to share the same opinions.
11 For those of the house of Chloe have told me that you do a lot of arguing, my brothers.
12 What I mean is that some of you are saying, ‘I follow Paul,’ or ‘I follow Apollos,’ or ‘I follow Cephas,’ or ‘I follow the Anointed One.’ 13 And by this, the Anointed One is being divided.
However, Paul wasn’t hung on a pole for you, was he? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?
14 I’m thankful that I didn’t baptize any of you (other than Crispus and Gaius), 15 so that no one can say that they were baptized in my name.
16 Oh yes, I
also baptized the household of Stephanas;
But as for the rest, I don’t think that I baptized anyone else, 17 because the Anointed One didn’t send me to baptize, but to preach the good news.
[And I wasn’t sent] with many wise words, because that would make the Anointed One’s impaling pole less important.
18 For the message about the impaling pole is just foolishness to those that are dying… but to those of us that are being saved, it’s the power of God.
19 As it’s written:
‘I’ll destroy the wisdom of their wise,
And the understanding of their discerning, I’ll hide.’
20 So, where
are all the wise men? Where are all the writers? Where are all the great
debaters of this age?
Didn’t God make the world’s wisdom foolish?
21 And since the world doesn’t understand the wisdom of God, He saw that it was good for us to preach foolishness in order to save those that would believe!
22 So while
the Jews ask for signs and the Greeks search for wisdom, 23 we preach the Anointed One as having
been hung on a pole.
[Of course], this is a trap to the Jews and a lot of foolishness to the gentiles.
24 But to those that are called (both Jews and Greeks), the Anointed One is the power of God and the wisdom of God.
25 Because a foolish thing from God is wiser than men, and a weak thing from God is mightier than men.
notice this about your calling, my brothers:
Not many were called that were wise in a fleshly way,
Not many were called that had power,
And not many were called from important families.
27 Rather, God chose the foolish things of the world to put its wise men to shame;
He chose the weak things of the world to put the mighty to shame;
28 And He chose the common things of the world and the things that are looked down on – the things that aren’t – in order to make the things that are, worthless.
The reason why He did this was so that no flesh can boast before God.
30 And because you are in the Anointed Jesus, he has become God’s wisdom to us, as well as His righteousness, His holiness, and our ransom.
31 As it is written:
‘Whoever boasts; let him boast about Jehovah!’
1 So when I
came to you, brothers, I didn’t bring you the mysteries of God with
high-sounding words of wisdom.
2 In fact, I decided not to teach you about anything other than Jesus the Anointed, and about how he was hung on a pole.
3 I came to you as weak, afraid, and trembling.
4 And what I said and preached wasn’t done with persuasive wise words, but with Spirit and power, 5 so you wouldn’t believe because of the wisdom of men, but because of the power of God.
6 Yes, we do
use wisdom when we’re speaking to those that aren’t mature…
But not the wisdom of this age or that of the rulers of this age that are coming to nothing.
7 Rather, we speak God’s wisdom as a mystery (hidden wisdom), when it comes to the things that God planned for our glory long before this age arrived.
8 This is the type of wisdom that none of the rulers of this age understand; because if they understood it, they wouldn’t have hung our glorious Lord on a pole.
9 As it is written:
‘Eyes haven’t seen and ears haven’t heard,
Nor have the hearts of men even thought of the things
That God has prepared for those who love Him.’
these are the types of things that have been revealed to us by God’s Spirit,
because His Spirit searches through all things… even through the deep things of
11 For just as no man really understands another man better than the spirit within him; nobody understands the things of God better than the Spirit of God.
12 And this is why we don’t really have the spirit of this world… because we have received the Spirit that comes from The God (gr. Tou Theou), through which we can understand the things that He has so kindly given to us.
Therefore, we don’t speak with words that come from human wisdom.
Rather, we are taught by the Spirit in spiritual ways that communicate spiritual things to us.
14 For physical men don’t recognize the Spirit of The God, because these are just foolishness to them and they can’t understand them, since such things can only be understood spiritually.
15 However, because a spiritual man can judge everything, no one can pass judgment on him.
[As the scripture says:]
16 ‘Who can know the mind of Jehovah
And who has become His advisor?’
And we now [also] have the mind of the Anointed One.
brothers, I can’t talk to you as I would to spiritual men.
Rather, [I must speak] as I would to fleshly men (as babies in the Anointed One), 2 for I’ve had to feed you milk, not solid food, because you weren’t strong enough… and you’re still not strong enough, 3 since you’re still men of the flesh!
For whenever you’re jealous and arguing, aren’t you fleshly… aren’t you acting like men of the flesh?
4 And when one of you says, ‘I follow Paul,’ and another says, ‘I follow Apollos,’ aren’t you [proving yourselves] to be men of the flesh?
5 For, what
is Apollos and what is Paul?
[We’re just] servants through whom you became believers, since you were each given to us by the Lord.
6 Yes, though I planted and Apollos watered, it is God that makes it grow!
7 So the one that plants is nothing and the one that waters is nothing, for it’s God that makes it all grow!
8 However, those that plant and those that water will each be rewarded for the work that they’re doing.
that we are just God’s field hands, while you are God’s field and God’s house!
10 And it was only through the loving care of God that I was assigned to be a wise chief craftsman.
So although I laid the foundation, someone else is actually doing the building…
And he must keep an eye on how he’s doing his building, 11 because no one can lay a foundation other than the one that has already been laid, Jesus the Anointed.
whether someone builds on that foundation using gold, silver, and precious
stones, or with wood, hay, and stalks, 13
[the quality of] his work will show up and be seen in the daytime, since it
will be exposed by fire…
And that fire will prove what kind of work each one has done.
14 Then, if his construction remains, he’ll be rewarded.
15 But if his construction burns down, he’ll be damaged by the loss… though he’ll still be saved.
However, it will be as though he came through fire.
16 Don’t you
know that you are God’s Holiest of Holies? For
God’s Breath is dwelling within you!
17 And if someone should destroy God’s Most Holy, God will destroy him… yes, you’re God’s Holiest of Holies!
18 Therefore, don’t try to fool yourselves, for if you are thought of as being wise in this age, then you should become morons in order to be [truly] wise.
that the wisdom of this system of things is just
silliness to God. As it is written:
‘He catches the wise in their cunning deeds.’
20 And again:
‘God knows the ways that men think,
And that the things they ponder are foolish.’
nobody should boast about [being followers of] men, since everything already
belongs to you, 22 whether [it
came from] Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or from this system of things, or from
life, or from death, or from what’s here or what’s about to come…
All of this already belongs to you!
23 Rather, you belong to the Anointed One, and the Anointed One belongs to God.
you should think of men [like us] as just galley rowers of the Anointed
One and as house servants
to whom the mysteries of God have been entrusted.
2 And when it comes to house servants; all that is required of them is just to be found faithful.
3 Now, it
really isn’t too important to me if I’m being judged by you or by some human
For I don’t even judge myself, 5 since I’m unaware of anything against myself.
However, this doesn’t mean that I’m righteous, because the Lord is my true judge.
recognize that we shouldn’t be judging anything before its time.
For when the Lord’s Day arrives, the secret things that are done in darkness [will be brought] into the light and the secret thoughts of hearts will be put on public display…
Then each ones’ commendations will come from God.
Now brothers; if I’ve overstated these things about Apollos and me, I’ve done
it for your own good so that you’d learn the rule:
Don’t go beyond the things that are written!
And don’t get all puffed up by showing more favor for the one than for the other.
7 [After all,] who really knows us… and what do we have that wasn’t given to us?
So since these things were just given to us; why should you be boasting over things that you received as gifts?
8 Are you
already satisfied? Are you already rich? Have you started ruling without us?
Oh, I wish that you had already started ruling so that we could be ruling along with you!
9 For I think that God has put us (the Apostles) last on display as men that are condemned to death…
Yes, we’ve become theatrical spectacles in this world to both men and angels!
while we are viewed as fools because of the Anointed One, you are wise in the
Anointed One… we’re weak, but you’re strong… we’re dishonorable, but you’re the
11 Why, down to this very hour, we’ve been hungry, thirsty, almost naked, beaten up, homeless… 12 and we’ve had to work for a living.
But when we’re being shouted at, we praise; when we’re being persecuted, we bear it; 13 and when we’re being slandered, we offer encouragement.
Yet until now, we’ve been considered the world’s refuse and scum!
Understand that I’m not writing this way to shame you, but to teach you as my
15 For though you could have thousands of tutors in the Anointed One, you don’t have many fathers…
And since I [am the one that] became your father in the good news through the Anointed One, 16 I beg you to start imitating me!
17 This is
why I’m sending Timothy
He’s my loved and faithful child in the Lord, and he will remind you of the ways that I’m teaching in all the congregations everywhere, through the Anointed Jesus.
18 Now, I
know that some [of you have become] all puffed up as though I weren’t coming to you.
19 But I’ll be there shortly (if it’s the Lord’s will), and I won’t pay any attention to what those that are puffed up have to say.
Rather, [I will pay attention] to their power, 20 because the Kingdom of God doesn’t have anything to do with words, but with power.
21 So, which
would you prefer?
Should I come to you with a stick, or with a loving and mild spirit?
I’ve actually heard that there is sexual immorality
among you, and it’s a type of immorality that isn’t even [heard of] among the
That someone has taken his father’s woman!
2 Are you proud of this?
Shouldn’t you mourn instead, and shouldn’t the man that committed this act be removed from your midst?
I’m not there physically, I am there in spirit, and
I’ve already judged the man that has done this
thing as though I were there.
4 My spirit and the power of our Lord Jesus agree that 5 in the name of our Lord Jesus, you should hand such a man over to the Opposer for the destruction of his flesh, so that the spirit within him may be saved in the Day of the Lord.
nothing for you to boast about here!
Don’t you know that a little [yeast] ferments the whole ball [of dough]?
7 So, you must clean out the old fermentation in order to become something that’s new and unfermented!
For since the Anointed One (who is our Passover) has already been sacrificed, 8 we shouldn’t be observing this Festival with old fermentation or with the fermentation of badness and wickedness, but with the unfermented bread of sincerity and truth!
9 Didn’t I
write you in my [last] letter and say that you must stop associating with those
that are sexually immoral?
10 [Of course, I wasn’t telling you to] completely avoid the immoral [people] of this system of things, or the greedy, or the extortionists, or the idol worshipers… otherwise, you’d actually have to get out of the world.
11 But I’m writing to you now to tell you this:
Stop associating with anyone called a brother that is sexually immoral, or greedy, or an idol worshiper, or shouts insults, or is a drunk, or an extortionist… don’t even eat with people like that!
how much can the judgment of outsiders mean to us when you aren’t judging those
that are in your midst?
13 For God is going to judge those on the outside… but you should expel any among you that are wicked!
1 Would any
of you that think you’ve been [wronged] by another dare to take it to court [to
be tried by] unrighteous men rather than by the Holy Ones?
2 Don’t you know that the Holy Ones will judge the world? So if you’re going to judge the whole world, aren’t you qualified to judge small matters?
3 Also, don’t you
know that we’re going to judge the angels? And if so,
then how much more the things of this life!
4 Or would you rather bring them before those whom the congregation views with little regard?
5 I’m saying
this to shame you! For isn’t there at least one wise man among you that can
[serve as] judge between his brothers?
6 Or must a brother take a brother to court to be judged by unbelievers?
Really, if you’re bringing lawsuits
against each other, you’ve already lost the battle!
Why wouldn’t you rather allow yourselves to be mistreated or defrauded?
8 Yet, some of you are in fact mistreating and cheating others… including your own brothers!
Don’t you know that the unrighteous won’t inherit the Kingdom of God?
Don’t make any mistakes about this; sexually immoral people, idol worshipers, adulterers, gays, men that have sex with men, 10 thieves, greedy people, drunkards, insulters, and extortionists won’t inherit God’s Kingdom…
11 And that’s what some of you once were!
However, you’ve been washed clean, you’ve been made holy, and you’ve been found righteous through the name of our Lord Jesus the Anointed and by the Breath of our God.
everything is legal for me, though not everything is good for me.
And even though everything is in fact legal for me, I won’t allow anything to become my master.
13 For example; food is for the belly and
the belly is for food. However, God is going to bring [the belly] and [food] to
The same is true of the body… the body isn’t for sexual immorality, it’s for the Lord, and the Lord is for the body.
14 Therefore, just as God raised our Lord, He will use His powers to raise us.
15 Don’t you
know that your bodies are all a part of the Anointed One? [And if this is so,]
should I take one of the Anointed One’s body parts and give it to a whore?
May that never happen!
16 For whoever joins himself to a whore becomes one with her body, since [God] said,
‘The two will become one flesh.’
Now, every other sin that a man commits is outside of his
But when he has immoral sex, he’s sinning against his own body!
19 And don’t you realize that your bodies are the Divine Habitation of the Holy Spirit within you that you received from God?
So, you no longer belong to yourselves…
20 And since you were bought and paid for, you must use your bodies to glorify God!
1 Now, concerning those things that you wrote to me about:
It’s best for a man not to even touch a woman.
2 However, because of all the immorality, each man should be allowed to have his own woman and each woman her own man.
3 Then every man should give his woman what she’s due, and every woman should do the same for her man.
don’t have authority (gr. exousiazei)
over their own bodies, their men do.
And men don’t have authority over their own bodies, their women do.
5 So you shouldn’t deprive each other, except for set periods that you may agree on to devote time to prayer… then you may come together again.
7 I wish
that you were all as I am. However, everyone has his own gift from God, and
each in a different way.
8 So I’m telling unmarried people and widows that it’s best for them to be like me.
9 But if they don’t have self-control, let them marry, because it’s better to marry than to burn [with passion].
married people I give this warning (not really me, but the Lord):
A woman shouldn’t leave her husband.
11 But if she does, she must either remain unmarried or make up with him… and the men shouldn’t leave their wives.
12 To the
rest I say this (yes me, not the Lord):
If any brother has an unbelieving woman that agrees to live with him, he should never leave her.
13 And if a woman has an unbelieving man that agrees to live with her, she shouldn’t leave him, 14 because the woman makes [her] unbelieving man holy, and the brother makes [his] unbelieving woman holy.
Otherwise, their children would be unclean… but now they are holy.
if the unbelieving one wants to leave, let him go, because a brother or a
sister isn’t a slave to such matters, since God has called us to peace.
16 But woman; how do you know that you won’t save your man? Or man; how do you know that you won’t save your woman?
17 Also, as
the Lord has given each one his share and as God has called each one; let him
follow in that same path.
Yes, this is what I’m teaching in all the congregations.
18 Was any
man called when he was circumcised? Then he shouldn’t act like someone that’s
Has any man been called when he was uncircumcised? Then he shouldn’t be circumcised.
19 For circumcision doesn’t mean anything and uncircumcision doesn’t mean anything; [what’s important] is obeying God’s commandments!
20 So it doesn’t matter what state you were in when you were called… just stay that way!
21 Were you
called when you were a slave?
Don’t let that bother you… but if you can become free, seize the opportunity, 22 because anyone in the Lord that was called [when he was] a slave has already become a free man in the Lord.
And anyone that was free when he was called has become a slave of the Anointed One.
23 So since you’ve already been bought and paid for; stop becoming slaves to men!
Therefore, brothers; it doesn’t matter what condition each [of you] were in
when you were called…
Just stay that way, living to God.
Now, when it comes to virgins, I don’t have any commands from the Lord.
However, I’ll give you my own opinion (as one who by the Lord’s mercy, has been
26 I think that it’s best for anyone that’s had a reason to stay one way, to continue as he [or she] is.
27 [For example], are you tied to a woman? Stop trying to get free!
Are you free from a woman? Stop searching for a woman!
28 However, even if you marry, you aren’t sinning. And if a virgin marries, she hasn’t sinned.
Remember that those who [marry] will have fleshly problems, and I’m just trying to save you [from this].
29 Let me
say this, brothers… the season has been shortened!
Let those that have women act as though they have none;
30 Let those that are crying act like those that don’t cry;
Let those that are rejoicing act like those that don’t rejoice;
Let those that are buying act like those that own nothing;
31 And let those that are using this system of things act like those that don’t use it… because the ways of this world are about to change.
see], I don’t want you to worry about anything.
A single man worries about the things of the Lord and winning His approval, 33 while a married man worries about worldly things and winning his woman’s approval… so he’s divided.
single women and virgins just worry about the things of the Lord… about how
they can be holy in their bodies and the type of people that they are on the
However, a married woman must worry about worldly things and winning the approval of her man.
35 Now, I’m
just describing the best situation…
I’m not trying to hang you, I’m just trying to move you to do things that work out well and sit well with the Lord, and which won’t distract you.
But if anyone thinks his virginity isn’t working out and he’s past the bloom of
youth, this is what should happen:
Allow him to do whatever he wishes, for he isn’t sinning if he marries!
37 However, if someone is settled in heart, doesn’t have any [sexual] needs, has self-control, and has decided in his heart to keep his virginity, he’ll do better.
though the one that gives up his [or her] virginity and marries does well, the
one that doesn’t marry does better.
39 For a woman is tied down as long as her man is alive.
But if her man falls asleep [in death], she can marry whomever she wishes (but only in the Lord).
40 However, it’s my opinion that she’ll be happier if she stays [single]… and I consider myself as having God’s Spirit.
regarding things that have been sacrificed to idols;
We realize that everyone knows something [about this]… however, knowledge puffs up, while love builds up.
2 So if anyone thinks he already knows everything about this, he doesn’t really understand it as well as he should yet… 3 and God knows those that truly love Him.
4 So when
it comes to eating food that has been offered to idols;
We know that idols are really nothing in this world, and that there is no God but the One.
5 And though there are some that are called gods, whether heavenly or earthly (for there are many gods and many lords), 6 we have just one God, the Father, through whom everything has come, and we are in Him.
There is also just one Lord, Jesus the Anointed, through whom everything came to be, and we are through him.
not everyone fully understands this yet.
For up until now, some have followed the practice of eating food to an idol as a sacrifice to that idol… and this has damaged their consciences and made them weak.
8 But understand that what we eat doesn’t really affect our standing with God; so if we choose not to eat [food that was sacrificed to idols], we aren’t sinning…
Nor will we be blest if we eat it.
9 But be
careful that this power of yours doesn’t become a trap
to those that are weak.
10 Because, if they see you (the one that knows) dining in a temple; won’t the weak one’s conscience be built up to the point where he starts eating things as a sacrifice to idols?
11 Then, because of your knowledge, you will have ruined the man that is weak… your brother for whom the Anointed One died!
12 And when you sin against your brother in this way and wound his weak conscience, you’re sinning against the Anointed One.
13 Therefore, if food is a trap to my brother, I’ll not eat the meat [of idols] through [the rest of] the age, so I don’t turn myself into a snare for my brother.
1 Am I not
Am I not an Apostle?
Haven’t I seen our Lord Jesus, and aren’t you my works in the Lord?
2 If I weren’t an Apostle to all the rest, I certainly am to you, because you’re the seal that confirms my Apostleship in the Lord!
3 So I say this in my defense before those that would judge me:
4 I can eat or drink whatever I wish, 5 and I could also take a sister as my woman [if I wished], as did the other Apostles, the Lord’s brothers, and Cephas (Peter).
And are BarNabas and I [the only Apostles] that should have to work for a
7 For, who serves as a soldier at his own expense?
Who plants a vineyard and doesn’t eat its fruit?
And who shepherds a flock and doesn’t drink some of the [sheep’s] milk?
8 Is this just human reasoning, or doesn’t
the Law tell us the same thing? 9
For it’s written in the Law of Moses:
‘You must not muzzle a bull when it’s threshing the grain.’
So does God just care about bulls, 10 or didn’t he say that for all of our
Really, it was written for all of us, because the man that plows ought to plow in hope, and the man that threshes ought to do so in hope of eating [the grain].
Therefore, if we’ve planted things of the Spirit
within you, is it such a big thing for us to harvest things of the flesh from
12 And if the people you work for are benefiting from your efforts, shouldn’t we [benefit] from them even mor?
Yet, we haven’t really used the [full] authority that we have, for we’ve been taking care of ourselves so that we don’t get in the way of the good news about the Anointed One.
13 Don’t you
know that those who serve in the Temple also eat the things that are
[contributed], and that those who serve at the Altar also share in the things
that are sacrificed there?
14 So the Lord meant for those that preach the good news to be provided for by means of this good news.
15 However, I haven’t used any of these provisions, and I’m not writing this so that will to happen to me… for I’d rather die than allow someone to take away my reason for boasting!
there’s no reason for me to boast when it comes to preaching the good news,
because it’s something that I must to do…
In fact, woe to me if I don’t preach the good news!
17 For if I do this willingly, I’ll receive my wages. However, if I don’t do it willingly, it’s still my assignment.
Therefore, what is my reward?
It’s my ability to preach the good news free of charge.
And by doing this, I’m not abusing the authority that I have in the good news, 19 which leaves me free from being indebted to anyone.
Yes, I’ve made myself a slave to everyone so that I can gain
20 I became a Jew to Jews, so I could gain Jews;
I became as under the Law to those that are under the Law (though I’m not under the Law), so I could gain those that are under the Law;
21 I became as someone that is without the Law to those that aren’t under the Law (though I’m not without law toward God and I’m under the law of the Anointed One), so I could gain those that are without the Law;
22 And I became weak to those that are weak, so I could gain the weak.
Yes, I’ve become everything to everyone and used every means to save some of them, 23 doing it all for the sake of the good news, so that I might share it with others!
24 Don’t you
know that though all that [enter a] race in the stadium must run, only one gets
So, run to win!
25 Also, every fighter has to maintain full control of himself just to win a garland that rots away… but we will receive something that doesn’t rot.
26 As the result, I’m not running timidly nor am I just swinging my arms, I’m boxing…
27 I beat my body and treat it as a slave so that after I’ve preached to others, I won’t be rejected!
1 Now, I
don’t want you to miss this point, brothers:
Our ancestors were under the cloud and they all passed through the sea, 2 so they were all baptized into Moses because of the cloud and the sea.
3 Also, they all ate the same food from [God’s] Spirit, 4 and they all drank the same spiritual drink, because they drank from the spirit of the rock…
And that rock was the Anointed One.
5 However, because God wasn’t pleased with most of them, He left [their bodies] spread across the desert.
things like this should serve as examples to us, so we won’t become people that
desire bad things as they did…
7 We don’t want to become idol worshipers, as some of them did!
Notice that it’s written:
‘The people sat down to eat and drink, and then they got up to play.’
8 So we shouldn’t commit sexual immorality as some of them did, because twenty-three thousand of them fell in just one day!
9 Also, we don’t want to put Jehovah to the test as some of them did, because they were destroyed by snakes.
10 Nor do we want to complain as some of them did, because they were killed by the destroyer!
11 Recognize that the things that happened to them [should serve as] examples to us, for they were written as warnings to us upon whom the end of the age has arrived.
So let those who think they are standing be careful that they don’t fall!
13 For none of you have faced any temptations yet, other than the things that are common to all men.
And since God is faithful, He won’t allow you to be tested beyond what you can bear… for with every temptation He provides a way out, so you can hang on.
my loved ones; Flee from idol worship!
15 And since I’m talking as I would to people with good sense; figure out for yourselves whether the things that I’m saying here are the truth.
16 Now when
we [say a] blessing over the cup of blessings, aren’t we sharing in the
blood of the Anointed One?
And when we break the loaf, aren’t we sharing in the body of the Anointed One?
17 So although there are many [of us], there’s just one loaf… therefore, we are all one body, since we all eat from that same loaf.
18 And as in fleshly Israel; don’t those that eat the sacrifices also share part of it with the Altar?
19 So, what
am I saying… [am I saying] that idols are anything, or that things sacrificed to idols are
20 No, I’m telling you that the things the nations offer as sacrifices are really being offered to the demons, not to God… and I don’t want you to become sharers with the demons!
21 For you can’t drink from the cup of the Lord and from the cup of demons, nor can you eat at the table of the Lord and at the table of the demons.
22 We aren’t trying to make the Lord jealous, are we?
We aren’t mightier than he is, are we?
that though everything is legal, not everything is good for us… yes, everything
is legal, but not everything makes us stronger.
24 So let’s not just be watching out for our own interests, but [for the best interests] of others.
25 The fact
is; you can eat whatever is sold at the meat markets without it bothering your
consciences, 26 for the earth
and everything in it belongs to the Lord!
27 And if an unbeliever invites you [for a meal] and you wish to accept, you can eat whatever is set before you and not let it bother your consciences.
28 But if someone should say,
‘This was offered as a sacrifice,’ don’t eat it.
You should do this for the sake of the one who said that, because of conscience… 29 not your conscience, but that of the other person.
But [you might ask]:
‘Why should I let anyone else judge my freedom?
30 If I’m eating thankfully, why should I be slandered over something for which I’ve given thanks?’
whether you’re eating, drinking, or doing anything else, you should be doing
everything for God’s glory.
32 So you shouldn’t want to do anything that would stumble Jews, Greeks, or the Called Ones of God.
33 And this is why I’m trying to please every body in everything and not just doing what’s best for myself… I’m [trying to do] what’s best for others, so I can save them!
1 I’m asking you to imitate me as I’m [imitating] the Anointed One.
2 I also want to praise you for remembering me and all the things that I’ve given to you, as well as for holding onto the things that I taught you.
3 However, I
want you to recognize this:
The head of the woman is the man, the head of every man is the Anointed One, and the head of the Anointed One is God.
4 So, every man that prays or prophecies with something on his head shames his head.
5 And every woman that prays or prophecies without something on her head shames her head, for it’s the same as if she had her head shaved.
6 Indeed, if
a woman doesn’t wish to cover her head, she should have her hair cut off.
But if cutting her hair short or shaving her head would shame a woman, then she should cover her head.
However, a man shouldn’t cover his head, since he [was created in] the image
and glory of God, while a woman is the glory of man.
8 For the man didn’t come from the woman, the woman came from the man.
9 Also, the man wasn’t created for the woman, the woman [was created] for the man.
10 So, that’s why the woman should have [a sign of] authority on her head… as well as [for the sake of God’s] messengers.
11 Yet there
really isn’t any difference between males and females in the Lord; 12 for as the female came through the
male, the male came through the female…
Though everything really comes from God.
13 So, judge
it for yourselves;
Is it becoming for a woman to pray before God with no covering?
14 Doesn’t physical nature teach us that if a man has long hair it dishonors him, 15 but if a woman has long hair it glorifies her?
Yes, that’s why women were given longer hair.
16 However if anyone wants to argue about this, we don’t have any other custom, nor do the congregations of God.
17 But when
it comes to your meetings, I’m not praising anyone, for they seem to be doing
more harm than good.
18 First, I hear that when you meet as a congregation, there are divisions among you…
And I believe that’s partly true, 19 because there had to be sects among you so that those that are approved could be clearly identified.
when we meet in our gatherings, isn’t it to eat the Lord’s Supper?
21 Yet [I’m hearing that] some of you are bringing your own meals and eating, drinking, and getting drunk, while others are going hungry!
22 Don’t you have homes where you can eat and drink… or are you condemning the congregation of God by shaming those that don’t have anything?
What should I say to you? Should I praise you for this?
No, I don’t praise you!
23 Let me
tell you something that I received from the Lord, and which I want to share
It’s that the Lord Jesus (on the very night that he was going to be handed over) took a loaf, 24 and after giving thanks he broke it and said:
‘This is my body that I’m giving for you.
Keep on doing this in remembrance of me.’
25 And after the meal he did the same thing with the cup, saying:
‘In this cup is the blood of my New Sacred Agreement.
Keep on doing this… and as often as you drink it, think of me.’
Therefore, as often as you eat from the loaf and drink from the cup, you will
keep proclaiming the death of the Lord until he arrives.
27 But recognize that anyone who eats the loaf and drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy condition will also be judged by the Lord’s body and blood.
28 As the
result, each person should examine himself before eating from the loaf or
drinking from the cup;
29 For those that eat and drink are eating and drinking judgment on themselves if they don’t judge [the worthiness of] their own flesh.
30 And this is why so many of you are weak and unhealthy… and quite a few have fallen asleep!
Understand that if you would judge yourselves, you wouldn’t have to be judged.
32 But [if you leave that] judgment to the Lord, you’ll have to be disciplined so that you aren’t condemned along with this system of things!
Therefore, my brothers; when you come together to eat, wait for each other!
34 And if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, so you don’t meet for judgment.
As for the rest of the matters; I’ll straighten them out when I get there.
brothers; I don’t want you to be ignorant when it comes to spiritual things.
2 For you know that when you were ‘gentiles,’ you were led to be followers of dumb idols.
3 But now I want you to understand that nobody, when they’re speaking through the power of God’s Breath, can say that Jesus is cursed or that Jesus is Lord, other than by Holy Spirit.
4 For no matter how many types of gifts there are, they all come from the same Spirit.
5 And no matter how many types of services there are, [they all come from] the same Lord.
6 So, although there are many types of manifestations, they all come from the same God who provides the outworking of everything for each person.
7 And it’s all these many ways that the Spirit expresses itself through different people that brings everything together.
through the same Spirit one is given words of wisdom, while another is given
words of knowledge.
9 It gives words of faith to some, while others get the gift of healing, 10 or the ability to perform powerful deeds, or of prophesying, or of distinguishing different spirits, or of speaking different languages, or of interpreting the languages…
11 Yet, they all come from the same Spirit, which works in many ways (as it wishes) through each person.
12 So, just
as the body is a single thing that has many members, and all the members (while
being many) make up that one body… this is how the Anointed One is.
13 For through the same Spirit we were all baptized into that one body, whether we are Jews or Greeks, slaves or free men… and we were all made to drink from this same Spirit.
Therefore, you should understand that this body isn’t just one part, but many.
15 So if the foot should say, ‘Because I’m not a hand, I’m no part of the body,’ that doesn’t mean it’s no part of the body.
16 And if the ear should say, ‘Because I’m not an eye, I’m no part of the body,’ that doesn’t mean it’s no part of the body either.
17 For if the whole body were just an eye, how would it hear?
And if it could just hear, where would the sense of smell be?
18 Therefore, God has placed each part in the body as He pleases.
19 For if all parts were the same, how could there be a body?
understand that though there are many body parts, there’s just one body;
21 And the eye can’t say to the hand, ‘I don’t need you,’ nor can the head say to the feet, ‘I don’t need you.’
22 And notice that the weaker each body part seems to be, the more it is needed.
23 For the body parts that we consider the least honorable are the ones that we surround with the most honor.
And our unattractive parts were made more attractive 24 because our attractive parts don’t need any help.
When God assembled the body, He gave more honor to the parts
that have less 25 so that there
would be no divisions in the body, and all the parts would show the same loving care for each other.
26 As the result, if one body part suffers, all the other body parts suffer along with it.
Or if a body part is glorified, all the other body parts rejoice along with it.
Therefore, you should realize that you’re all the Anointed One’s body and body
parts, 28 and that God has
designated each of your places in the congregation…
First the Apostles, second the Prophets, and third the teachers.
Then come [those with] powerful works, or the gifts of healing, or performing helpful services, or the ability to direct, or speaking different languages.
29 Not all
are Apostles, are they?
Not all are Prophets, are they?
Not all are teachers, are they?
Not all can perform powerful works, can they?
30 And not all have the gift of healing, or can speak different languages, or can serve as translators.
31 However, zealously keep seeking the greater gifts.
But now I’m going to show you something that’s even better.
1 If I could
speak the languages of both men and angels but
didn’t have love, I’d be the sound of [clanging] brass or of a clashing cymbal.
2 If I could prophesy, understand all the mysteries, had all knowledge and enough faith to move mountains, but didn’t have love, I’d be nothing at all.
3 And if I were to give everything that I own to feed others, or hand over my body so that I could boast, but didn’t have love, none of this would have any value.
love is patient and kind.
It isn’t envious, it doesn’t brag, it isn’t conceited, 5 it doesn’t scheme, it doesn’t watch out for just itself, it doesn’t stir things up, it doesn’t hold grudges, 6 and it doesn’t rejoice over unrighteous things;
Rather, it rejoices over the truth.
7 It covers everything, believes everything, hopes everything, and endures everything…
8 Love never fails!
But the [gift of] prophesying
will be done away with,
The [gift of] speaking [in foreign] languages will end,
And the [gift of miraculous] knowledge will pass away,
9 because we now have just a partial knowledge and we can only prophesy partially.
10 However, when the perfect thing arrives, the partial thing will be done away with.
11 Back when
I was a baby, I talked like a baby, thought like a baby, and reasoned like a
But now that I’ve become a [grown] man, I’m finished with baby’s things.
12 So the
things we see here today are like looking into a metal mirror… however, then it
will be face to face.
And though I can only understand partially now… then I will have a complete understanding and I will be completely understood!
13 And at that time, only these three things will remain: faith, hope, and love.
And the greatest of them is love.
we should [all be] pursuing love, as we also zealously seek the [gifts] of the Spirit… and
I prefer that you prophesy.
2 For those who speak in tongues aren’t talking to men but to God, since nobody else is listening… so by the Spirit they’re speaking mysteries.
3 On the other hand, those who prophesy are building up, encouraging, and bringing comfort to others.
4 So while
the one who speaks in tongues builds himself up, the one who prophesies builds
up [the whole] congregation.
5 And while I would like all of you to [be able to] speak in tongues, I would prefer that you prophesy, because the one that prophesies is greater than the one that speaks in tongues…
Unless he can also translate, so the whole congregation can be built up.
6 Brothers, if I were to come to you right now and speak to you in a foreign tongue, what good would it do if I didn’t also speak to you with a revelation, or with knowledge, or with a prophecy, or with something that I can teach you?
7 It’s the
same as with inanimate things that make sounds, like flutes or harps.
If you can’t distinguish the difference between the notes, how can you tell what’s being played?
8 Also, if a trumpet blows an unrecognizable signal, who will prepare for war?
9 So unless you use your tongues to say things that are easily understood, how will anyone know what you’re saying?
You will for a fact just be speaking into the air!
10 There are
many kinds of vocalizations in the world, and they all mean something.
11 However, if I don’t understand the meaning of the sound, I’m a foreigner to the one that is speaking, and the one that is speaking will be a foreigner to me.
Therefore, if you have a zeal for the Spirit, use it in ways to build up the congregation, so that everyone can prosper… 13
Let the one that speaks in tongues pray that he can also translate!
14 For when I pray in a foreign language; although my spirit may be praying, my mind isn’t receiving any benefit.
15 Then, what
should we do?
If I pray by the Spirit, I’ll also pray in my mind. And if I sing praises by the Spirit, I’ll sing praises in my mind.
16 For if we’re only offering praise by the Spirit, how will any ordinary man who is there and doesn’t understand us say, ‘May it be so,’ when we’re giving thanks?
17 For though it may be true that we’re giving thanks in a fine way, this person isn’t being built up.
18 I thank
God that I can speak more languages than all of you.
19 However, I would rather speak five words using my mind so that I can teach others when I’m in a congregation, than ten thousand words in a foreign language.
don’t be like children when it comes to [using] the power of your minds… be
babies when it comes to badness, as you perfect your abilities to reason!
21 For it’s written in the Law:
‘Though I speak to these people in other tongues and with other lips, they still won’t listen to me, says the Lord.’
Understand that speaking in a foreign tongue isn’t a sign to unbelievers, but
to believers, while prophesying isn’t for believers, it’s for unbelievers.
23 For if the whole congregation is speaking in tongues when some ordinary person or unbeliever comes into your meeting place, won’t he just think you’re crazy?
24 However, if everyone is prophesying when an unbeliever or ordinary person enters, he is corrected and judged by them all.
25 Then, as the secrets in his heart are revealed, he will fall to his face before God and say,
‘God is truly among you!’
Therefore, what should happen, brothers?
When you’re meeting, one should have a psalm, another should have a teaching, another should have a revelation, and another should speak in a foreign language… that is, as long as someone else interprets it.
Because, everything that’s done there should be for [the purpose of] building up!
27 So if some
are speaking in tongues; limit it to two or three at the most, and do it in
Then have someone do the translating.
28 However, if no one can translate it, such people should be silent in the congregation, speaking just to themselves and to God.
29 Let two
or three Prophets speak instead, and allow the rest to judge the meaning of
what they’re saying.
30 Then if someone else has a revelation while he’s sitting there, the first one should [yield to him].
31 This way, when each of them prophesy in turns, everyone can learn and be encouraged.
32 For the spirits of the Prophets should be controlled by the Prophets, 33 because God doesn’t send us confusion, [He sends] peace!
And as [is true] in all the congregations of Holy Ones; 34 the women should remain silent in the congregation… they shouldn’t be allowed to speak out. Rather (as the Law says), they should be submissive.
35 And if they wish to know something, let them ask their men [when they get] home; for it’s disgraceful for a woman to speak out in a congregation.
36 [Do you think
that] the Word of God is coming from just you, and that you’re the only one that
37 Well, if someone thinks he’s a Prophet and that he’s under the influence of [God’s] Spirit, then he should agree with these things that I’m writing to you, because these are the Lord’s commandments!
38 However, if there are those that choose to be ignorant, let them remain ignorant.
Keep on zealously seeking the [gift of] prophesying, but don’t forbid the speaking in tongues.
40 Just make sure that everything is conducted in a tasteful and orderly way.
I want you to understand this about the good news that I preached to you (which you received, in which you are standing, 2 and through which you are being saved):
If you are still holding onto this good news that I preached
to you, your faith hasn’t been wasted; 3
because, what I passed along to you was the first thing that I learned…
That the Anointed One died for our sins (just as the Scriptures foretold), 4 and he was buried and then raised on the third day, 5 where he appeared first to Cephas (Peter), then to the rest of the twelve.
6 And after that, he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive today (though some have fallen asleep), 7 and he appeared to James and to all the Apostles.
8 But lastly – like some miscarriage – he appeared to me…
9 For I’m the least of the Apostles, and I’m unfit to even be called an Apostle, because I persecuted the Called Ones of God.
through the loving care of God, I am what I am.
And the loving-care that He showed me hasn’t been wasted, because I’ve worked harder than all the rest… and not just for my own benefit, but because of God’s loving care that’s now in me.
11 However, whether it was from me or from some other source; we have all preached and you have believed.
12 Now, if
we’re preaching that the Anointed One was raised from the dead; then, why are
some of you saying that there is no resurrection of
13 For if there was no resurrection of the dead, then the Anointed One couldn’t have been raised either.
14 And if the Anointed One hasn’t been raised, our preaching and our faith is all in vain!
15 Yes, we’ve proven to be false witnesses of God, because we’ve testified concerning God that He raised the Anointed One… who couldn’t really have been raised at all if the dead won’t be raised!
if the dead won’t be raised, the Anointed One hasn’t been raised either!
17 And if the Anointed One hasn’t been raised, our faith is useless and we’re all still sinners.
18 Also, all those that have fallen asleep in the Anointed One are just gone!
19 Then if we’ve been putting our hope in the Anointed One when this life all that there is, we’re the most pitiable of all men!
the Anointed One has been raised from the dead, and he’s the first fruit of
those that have fallen asleep [in death].
21 For though death came through a man, resurrection from the dead has also come through a man.
22 And as all are dying because of Adam, all will be made alive in the Anointed One…
23 But each one in his own order, [starting with] the first fruits of the Anointed One, followed by those that belong to the Anointed One when he arrives.
24 Then in
the end, after he has brought all governments, authorities, and powers to
nothing, he will hand over the Kingdom to his God and Father.
25 For he must rule [as king] until he has put all his enemies under his feet 26 and the final enemy, the death, has been brought to an end.
27 Yes, he
will indeed put everything under his feet!
However, when it says that everything will be put under his feet, it’s evident that the exception is the One that put everything under him.
28 For after everything has been put under him, the Son will submit to the One who put everything under him, so that God can be everything to everyone.
29 Also, if
none of the dead will be raised, then what good would it do for us to be baptized into [Jesus’] death?
Yes, why [are we] being baptized for that purpose… 30 and why are we in danger every hour?
31 For I’m dying every day just to prove that you are worthy of all my boasting about you… you whom I [call] my brothers through the Anointed Jesus our Lord.
32 And if
the dead aren’t going to be raised, and if it was just as a man that I fought
wild animals at Ephesus, what good did it do me?
Why not rather say, ‘Let’s eat and drink, for tomorrow we will die!’
33 So, don’t
allow [anyone] to mislead you about this…
Remember that bad companions spoil worthwhile habits!
become more serious about your righteousness and stop sinning!
For some [of you actually] know nothing at all about God… yes, I’m saying this to embarrass you!
35 Because, some have been asking,
‘Just how will the dead be raised… in what sort of bodies will they return?’
36 You foolish people! Those that plant seeds know that they can’t live unless they die first;
37 For whatever is planted isn’t the body that it’s going to become… it’s just a naked grain of wheat, or whatever.
38 So understand that God will give us any [type of] body that He wishes, just as He gives each seed its own body.
that not all flesh is the same!
There is one type of flesh of men, another of cattle, another of birds, and another of fish.
40 There are also heavenly bodies and earthly bodies… and the glory of heavenly bodies is different from that of earthly bodies.
41 The glory of the sun is one type, the glory of the moon is another, and the glory of the stars is yet another.
In fact, stars differ from other stars in their glory.
42 So, that’s how it will be with the resurrection of the dead:
‘It’s planted in decay and then raised as clean.
43 It’s planted without honor, and then raised in glory.
It’s planted as weak, and then raised in power.’
44 Therefore, what’s planted as
the body of something that breathes will be
raised as a spiritual body…
As there’s a breather’s body, there is also a spiritual [one].
written that the first man (Adam) became a living soul.
However, the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
46 Thus the first [body] is human, not spiritual, for the spiritual one comes later.
47 Likewise, as the first man came from
the dust of the ground and the second man came from heaven;
48 Those that come from the dust are like the one that came from the dust, while those that are heavenly are like the heavenly one.
49 Therefore, as we’ve worn the shape of the one that was made from the dust of the ground, we’ll also wear the image of the Celestial One.
Look, I’m going to explain a mystery to you:
Not all of us will be laid to rest; rather, we will be changed 52 in a moment – in the twinkling of an eye – during the last trumpet!
For the trumpet will be blown and the dead will be raised incorruptible… yes, we will be changed.
53 Then that which is corruptible will put on incorruptibility, and that which is dying will put on immortality.
54 But when that which is dying puts on immortality, the words that were written will be fulfilled:
‘Death, which prevails, will be swallowed.’
where is your victory, O death… yes, where is your sting, O death?
56 The sting that brings death is sin, and the power for sin comes from the Law.
57 But thanks to God that each of us will see victory through our Lord Jesus the Anointed One!
my beloved brothers;
Become settled, immovable, and always have plenty to do in the work of the Lord, since [you] know that the things you do in the Lord are never done in vain.
regarding the collection for the Holy Ones:
I want you to do the same thing that I told the congregations in Galatia.
2 On each Sabbath day, you should set something aside in your savings, as you are prospering, so we won’t have to take up a collection after I arrive.
3 Then when I get there, I can send whichever men you select and write letters about to carry your kind gift to Jerusalem.
4 And if I’m found worthy to go myself, they can travel with me.
5 I will
come and [visit] you after I go to Macedonia, because I have to travel through
6 And if things turn out well, perhaps I can stay [with you] for a while, or even spend the winter with you.
Then you can escort me part of the way to wherever I’ll be going.
7 I don’t
want to see you as I’m passing through right now, because I hope to spend more
time with you, if Jehovah allows it.
8 I’ll be staying in Ephesus until Pentecost, 9 because a large door of opportunity has opened to me there.
However, there are also many opposers.
10 When Timothy gets there, make
sure that he has nothing to fear while he’s with you, because he’s doing the
Lord’s work the same as I am…
11 Don’t allow anyone to treat him disrespectfully!
Then escort him part of the way in peace so that he can come here to me, because I’m waiting for him with the brothers.
regarding our brother Apollos;
I begged him to come to you with the brothers, but he doesn’t want to do that right now.
However, he will come when he has the opportunity.
13 So, stay
awake, stand firm in the faith, carry on as men, and grow mighty.
14 And may everything that you do be accomplished in love.
15 Now, I
want to encourage you to do this, brothers:
You know that the household of Stephanas is the first fruit of Achaia, and that they’ve been serving the needs of the Holy Ones.
16 Follow the instructions of such people, and all of you should labor and work hard together.
17 I’m very
grateful that Stephanas, Fortunatus, and AchaiKus are here, because they’ve
made up for your not being here.
18 Since they are a breath of fresh air in my life and in yours, give special recognition to such men.
congregations of [the Province of] Asia send you their greetings.
Aquila, Priska, and the called ones in their home send you hearty greetings in the Lord. 20 In fact, all the brothers send their greetings!
So, greet each other with a holy kiss.
21 [Here are] my (Paul’s) greetings, written in my own hand.
22 May all those that don’t care for the Lord be cursed!
Come, O Lord!
The Ancient Scriptures of Israel
- 1 Samuel
- 2 Samuel
- 1 Kings
- 2 Kings
- 1 Chronicles
- 2 Chronicles
- Song of Solomon
The Christian Era Scriptures
Note that this is the legacy version of the translation last updated in December 2020. You can also see the latest version.